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24 September, 2015

Genral information About Bhuneswar.

Bhubaneswar
HISTORY OF BHUBANESHWAR
Bhubaneswar is known by many names like Toshali, Kalinga Nagari, Nagar Kalinga, Ekamra Kanan, Ekamra Kshetra and Mandira Malini Nagari. It derived its name from Tribhubaneswar which means Lord Eshwar of three worlds. City has its history from 3000 years, with Mahamegha-bahana Chedi dynasty while the city’s name first mention was during Kalinga war. Bhubaneswar was then capital of Kalinga region. In 1936, Orissa became separate province in British India with Cuttack as its capital. On 13th April 1948, Bhubaneswar was made capital of Odisha, designed by German architect Otto Königsberger.
GEOGRAPHY OF BHUBANESHWAR
City lies on the southwest of Mahanadi River, along the axis of Eastern Ghats. Daya River and Kuakhal River are situated on south and east of the city respectively. Bhubaneswar is topographically divided into western uplands and eastern lowlands. It has an elevation of 45m from the sea level. The city is under Sesmic zone III, for susceptibility of earth quakes by Bureau of Indian Standards. City receives high impact from winds and cyclones as well.
GOVERNMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF BHUBANESHWAR
Bhubaneswar Municipal Corporation, or BMC is responsible for civic infrastructure and Bhubaneswar Development Authority is responsible for statutory planning and development and building regulation. Bhubaneswar contributes one member to Indian Assembly and three members to Odisha Legislative Assembly. Odisha State Road Transport Corporation (OSRTC) takes responsibility for bus transportation of the state.
LANGUAGE AND CULTURE OF BHUBANESHWAR
Bhubaneswar, The Temple city of India once had thousands of temples. Odissi is one of the oldest survival classical dances in India, which is accompanied by Odissi music. Oriya is widely spoken in the city followed by Hindi and English. State Museum of Bhubaneswar exhibits archaeological artifacts, weapons, local arts and local crafts and it has the world’s largest collection of palm leaf paintings.
EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTES IN BHUBANESHWAR
Bhubaneswar is the educational hub of Eastern India. All India Institute of Medical Sciences Bhubaneswar, Kalinga Institute of Medical Sciences are renowned institutes for medical studies. IIT Bhubaneswar, International Institute of Information Technology, Bhubaneswar College of Engineering and Technology are some of the Engineering colleges. Orissa University of Agriculture and Technology, second oldest agricultural university in the country and Utkal University of Culture dedicated for research, teaching and education are famous Universities in the city in other fields.
TRANSPORT FACILITIES IN BHUBANESHWAR
Biju Patnaik International Airport also known as Bhubaneswar Airport, situated on the south of the city, started its international service on 10th July 2015, is well connected domestically and internationally. Bhubaneswar houses the headquarters of East Coast Railway. Major railway stations of city are Patia railway station, Mancheswar railway station, Vani Vihar railway station, Bhubaneswar railway station, Lingaraj Temple Road. National Highway 5 passes through the city. City is well connected to all parts of the country by road.
TOURISM IN BHUBANESHWAR
The tourist spots in Bhubaneshwar are numerous with a fine blend of ancient art and culture with sublime architecture, previously adorned with 7000 shrines, now we find not more than 500, the charm of this city is around Bhubaneswar In fact you will find ample amount of greenery over this city. The city is crowded by thousands of tourists as well as pilgrims who visit here to pay homage to religious and to enjoy beauty of nature. Bhubaneshwar is a place that can never be ignored when we talk about religious City and greenery. Enjoy the beauty of Bhubaneswar in the most exciting way as you have a lot to visit here.
FESTIVALS CELEBRATED IN BHUBANESHWAR
Taratarini Mela is one of the biggest festivals of the state. Ashokastami Festival also known as Rath Jatra or Chariot Festival is celebrated in the month of April. Durga Puja is held in September-October is also famous here. Apart from this all the major festivals in India are celebrated here.