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25 September, 2015

Patna – General Information

Patna also known as Pataliputra was founded by the king of Magadha, in 490 BCE. Patna got its importance and glory around the year 490 BCE when Ajatashatru, the king of Magadha, shifted his capital from the hilly Rajagrha to Patna. Gautama Buddha travelled here in his last days and predicted its ruin from flood, fire and feud. Megasthenes, the Greek ambassador, described the city as the greatest city on earth during its heyday. During the British rule in 17th century, Patna became the center for international trade.
Patna is located on the southern bank of the river Ganges. It has population of about 1.6 millions; Patna is the 19th populous city in India. It has an average elevation of 53 m and spreads in 136 sq kms. Patna is the largest riverine city in the world. It is the largest riverine city in the world. Mahatma Gandhi Setu, the longest river bridge in the India. Is 5575m long is over the Ganges.
The Patna Municipal Corporation, or PMC, takes care of the civic infrastructure. The civic administration of Patna is divided into Patna division, Patna district, Patna Metropolitan Region, Greater Patna” or PRDA area and Patna Municipal Corporation Bihar State Road Transport Corporation takes responsibility of the road transportation in the state. Patna contributes three members to Indian Assembly and fourteen members to Bihar Legislative Assembly.
Patna has similar cultural roots as Bengal. Patna has many buildings built in Indo-Islamic and Indo-Saracenic styles. Patna Museum , Bihar’s first museum exhibits Indian history and Indian art. Some of Bihari cuisines are chokha, sattu paratha, fish curry, Bihari kebab etc. Magahi or Magadhi is Patna’s native language which is derived from ancient Magadhi Prakrit; many believe the language was used by Gautama Buddha. Languages spoken in Patna are Hindi, Magahi, Bhojpuri, Angika and Maithili.
Patna Medical College and All India Institute of Medical Sciences Patna are Government Medical colleges in the city. Central University of Bihar, Patna University, Indian National Institute of Technology Patna are Government Engineering colleges. Chanakya National Law University, National Institute of Fashion Technology Patna and Chandragupta Institute of Management are some of the Government colleges in different streams. Students across the globe are attracted to study in this city.
Patna was one of the first cities in India to use horse-drawn trams for public transport. Lok Nayak Jayaprakash Airport, restricted international airport in Patna is well connected within the country. Patna has several railways stations, in which Patna Junction railway station, and one of the busiest railway stations in India and Danapur is the divisional headquarters of East Central Railway zone. Other major railway station in the city are Rajendra Nagar Terminal and Patna Sahib. National highway 19, 30, 31 and 83 passes through the city. The longest, National waterway I passes through the city.
The monuments of Didarganj Yakshi from Mauryan age and monuments from Ashoka time like Kumhrar and Agam Kuan are the examples of reflection of cultural heritage. Patna Museum, Golghar and Mahavir Mandir are the best known places among other famous monuments, parks, sports complexes, planetariums and religious places. Patna is the holy place for Hindus, Sikh and Islamic devotees.
Chhath, also called as Aastha ka Mahaparv” meaning biggest festival of Devotion in the region, is one of the important festival in Patna. It is spread in four days and worshipped by taking holy bath, fasting and offering prayers to the Sun god by standing in the river during sunrise and sunset. Chhath is celebrated twice a year- once during March-April called Chaitra Chhath and other during October-November called Kartik Chhath. Patna celebrates all the major festivals celebrated in India.

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