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23 September, 2015

Ranchi – General Information, General Knowledge Ranchi GK

Ranchi
HISTORY OF RANCHI
Ranchi (being part of Bihar earlier) was once ruled by Magadha Empire, then by Ashoka the great, followed by Gupta Empire. After Gupta Empire, King Phanimukut established Nag Dynasty and ruled the Chota Nagpur plateau region. After Independence, Ranchi was included in the Bihar state. On 15th November 2000, Jharkhand was formed and Ranchi was made capital city. Ranchi got its name from Oraon village. Archi derives from Oraon word for bamboo grove. Archi became Rachi, then Ranchi.
GEOGRAPHY OF RANCHI
Ranchi is situated on the southern part of the Chota Nagpur plateau, which lies on the eastern section of the Deccan plateau. Ranchi has numerous waterfalls; hence it is also called as “City of Waterfalls”. It has an elevation of 650 m approximately and spreads in 175 sq kms. The capital city lies almost at the center of the state.
GOVERNMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF RANCHI
Ranchi Municipal Corporation takes care of the civic administration of the city. The Jharkhand High Court, one of the newest high courts, with Judge Strength of 20, is housed in Ranchi. Jharkhand Road State Corporation holds responsible for the bus transportation in the state. Ranchi contributes one member to Indian Assembly and 6 members to Jharkhand Legislative assembly.
LANGUAGE AND CULTURE OF RANCHI
28% of Ranchi’s population is tribal population. The tribal people practice their own tradition, rituals and way of life, and enriched the city with their folk art and culture. Oraon and Munda are the main tribes found in Ranchi. Oraon language, known as Kurukh, is taught in some universities now. Hindi is majorly spoken here followed by Bengali, Maithili, Urdu, and tribal languages like the Mundari and Oraon dialects.
EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTES IN RANCHI
Ranchi University and Birla Institute of Technology (BIT), Mesra are for Engineering Education. Indian Institute of Management Ranchi, Institute of Management Studies, are for management studies. Rajendra Institute of Medical Sciences (RIMS) is for medical sciences. They are many colleges in the city for different fields.
TRANSPORT FACILITIES IN RANCHI
Birsa Munda Airport, International airport in Ranchi is well connected domestically and connected to international air ports. Ranchi Station houses headquarters of the Ranchi division of the South Eastern Railway Zone. Ranchi has four major railway stations namely Ranchi Junction, Hatia Station, Tatisilwai Station and Namkom Station. Jharkhand State Road Transport Corporation takes care of the road transportation. National Highway 33 passes through the city.
TOURISM IN RANCHI
Ranchi has numerous waterfalls, some of the famous waterfalls are Hundru Falls, Jonha Falls:, Panchghagh Falls, Dassam Falls:, Hirni Falls. Nakshatra Van, park, representing zodiac stars, created by the Jharkhand Forest Department in front of the governor’s resident of Jharkhand in Ranchi. Jharkhand War Memorial, a War memorial built as a tribute to the martyrs of Jharkhand. Jagannathpur Temple, an architectural style of Puri temple is one of the tourist attractions in Ranchi.
FESTIVALS CELEBRATED IN RANCHI
Manasa Puja is offered to Hindu goddess of snakes, and it is widely celebrated in the city. Apart from this, all the major festivals are celebrated in the city.