साईट का मुख्य मेनू

sponsored ads

16 October, 2015

Chennai – General Information, General Knowledge Chennai GK


Chennai
HISTORY OF CHENNAI
Cholas ruled Chennai and parts of South India from the 1st-12th century. Near Pallavaram, a place in Chennai, Stone Age implements were found. Ancient coins which belonged to Vijayanagara Empire, ruler during the medieval period were unearthed in the city. During World War I, Madras was the only Indian city to be attacked by the Central Powers. After Independence Madras became the capital of Madras state, now Tamil Nadu. Madras was officially renamed as Chennai on 16th July 1996.
GEOGRAPHY OF CHENNAI
Chennai is located on the south–eastern coast of India, on a flat coastal plain known as the Eastern Coastal Plains. With the population of 46 million, it is the third most populous city in the country. It has average height of 6.7m from the sea level, and the highest point is at 60 m. The city spreads in 426 sq kms.
GOVERNMENT AND ADMINISTRATION OF CHENNAI
Chennai Corporation formerly known as Corporation of Madras, oldest surviving Municipal Corporation in India and the second oldest surviving corporation in the world governs the Chennai city. The Chennai Metropolitan Development Authority (CMDA) is responsible for planning and development of Chennai Metropolitan Area. Madras high court is responsible for the jurisdiction in Tamil Nadu and Puducherry. City contributes three members to Indian Assembly and 14 members to Tamil Nadu Legislative assembly.
LANGAUGE AND CULTURE OF CHENNAI
Chennai’s Culture is traditional and common in certain ways. Chennai hosts the third-largest expatriate population in India Chennai hosts one of the largest cultural events every December which extends to five weeks. Chennai is known for the Bharatanatyam, Indian Classical dance. Tamil is majorly spoken in the city followed by Telugu, English, Hindi, Kannada, Malayalam, Oriya, and Punjabi.
EDUCATIONAL INSTITUTES IN CHENNAI
Chennai houses headquarter of Indian Army’s Officers Training Academy. The Indian Institute of Technology Madras (IIT Madras) and the Anna University takes responsibilities of the Engineering studies. Chennai has large number of libraries which includes American Library, Connemara Public Library, British Council Library, and Anna Centenary Library. Anna Centenary Library is the largest library in Asia and Connemara Public Library is one of four National Depository Centers in India. Chennai also houses research institutions like Central Leather Research Institute and Structural Engineering Research Centre.
TRANSPORT FACILITIES IN CHENNAI
Chennai International Airport, comprising the Anna international terminal and the Kamaraj domestic terminal is the fourth busiest airport in India. Chennai houses the headquarters of the Southern Railway. Chennai has two major railways station namely Chennai Central station and Chennai Egmore. Chennai Metro Rail was inaugurated on 29 June 2015. National Highways 4, 5, 45 and 205 passes through the city. The Chennai Mofussil Bus Terminus (CMBT) was the largest bus station in Asia when it was opened. Chennai has two major sea ports Chennai Port and Ennore Port are globally well connected.
TOURISM IN CHENNAI
Lonely planet has listed Chennai in top ten cities to travel for the year 2015. Chennai houses many monuments like Fort St. George, Kamaraj Memorial House, Freemasons Hall, MGR Memorial, Senate House, Thousand Lights Mosque etc. The most famous beaches here are Marina Beach, Covelong Beach and Elliot’s Beach. Apart from these they are many religious places, parks zoos and amusement parks.
FESTIVALS CELEBRATED IN CHENNAI
Pongal, is one of the major festivals celebrated in the month of January, which stretches for four days. Puthandu, known as Tamil New Year is celebrated on April 14th. Apart from these all major festivals in India are celebrated.