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01 November, 2015

Interesting Facts About India (Part-IV)

india-interesting-factsRadio Station–Highest Location : The Leh (Ladakh) station of AIR (at an altitude of 3,231 m [10,697.68 ft) above sea level)
Railways–First railway company : East Indian Railway Company and Great Indian Peninsular Railway Company
– First train journey : Mumbai to Thane (a distance of 34 km) on April 16, 1853
– First railway terminus : Bori Bunder (C.S.T.), Mumbai
– First super fast train : Rajdhani Express between New Delhi and Howrah
– First double decker : Sinhagadh Express between Mumbai V.T. (now C.S.T.) and Pune
– Most tunnels on a route : Kalka-Shimla rail route (102 tunnels)
– Longest railway bridge : ‘The rail link between Idapalli and Vallarpadam in Kerala (4.62 km)
– Longest passenger train route : Jammu Tawi-Kanyakumari (3,730 km)
– Fastest train* : Shatabdi Express between New Delhi and Bhopal at a speed of 140 kmph
– Longest platform : Gorakhpur in Uttar Pradesh, 1.35 km long. It is also the’ world’s longest
– Railway station at the higest altitude : Ghoorn on Darjeeling- Himalayan Railway at a height of 2,258 m (7,408 ft)
– First Metro : At Kolkata
– First electric train : In Mumbai between Mumbai VT. (now C.S.T.) and Kurla (in 1925)
– First solar-powered station : Yedakumeri (on Hasan-Mangal section)
*On July 3,2014, in a trial-run, a semi-high speed train on the New Delhi-Agra route broke the national record, docking a highest of 160 kmph
Rainfall–Heaviest : The world’s wettest place in terms of average annual rainfall is Mawsynram (Meghalaya); The second rainiest place is Cherrapunji, also in Meghalaya
Refinery–Oldest : Digboi Refinery
– Largest : Public Sector–IOC Refinery at Koyali (Gujarat); Private Sector–RIL Refinery at Jamnagar, Gujarat
Religious Community–Largest religious community : Hindus (80.5 percent of country’s total population)
– Largest minority community : Muslims (13.4 percent of Indian communities)
– Largest Tribe : Gond (in Madhya Pradesh Chhattisgarh and Maharashtra), followed by Bhils (in Rajasthan, Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat and Northern Maharashtra) and Santhal (in Jharkhand, West Bengal, Orissa and Tripura)
– Scheduled Castes larges concentration : State-Uttar Pradesh; Union Territory-Puducherry
– Scheduled Castes smallest concentration : Mizoram
– Scheduled Tribes largest concentration : Chhattisgarh
– Scheduled Tribes smallest concentration : Goa, Daman and Diu
– Largest Scheduled Caste Community : Chamar
– Smallest Scheduled Caste Community : Watal Jammu & Kashmir)
– Youngest religion : Sikhism
River–Longest : Ganga (2,640 km long)
Road–Longest : Grand Trunk Road
– Highest : Road at Khardungla in the Leh-Manali sector

Satellites
–First : ‘Aryabhatta’
– First experimental geostationary communications satellite : ‘APPLE’ (Ariane Passenger Payload Experiment)
– First satellite launch vehicfe : ‘SLV-3’
– First earth-cum-communication satellite : ‘INSAT-1A’
Satyagraha–First ever : By Mahatma Gandhi in 1917 in the Champaran district of Bihar
Schools–Oldest : St. Mary’s Church Charity School at Fort St. George’s, Chennai
– Largest : South Point High School, Kolkata
– Firs for girls : Baptist Mission School at Gauribari, Kolkata
– First public school for girls : Maharani Gayatri Devi School, Jaipur
Scientists (Past)
Bhabha, Homi J. (1909-1966) : A pioneer in atomic research
– Bhatnagar, S. S. (1894-1955) : Established a chain of national laboratories
– Bose, J. C. (1858-1937) : Plants have life and souls as also wireless transmission
– Chandrasekhar, Subramanian (1910-1995) : Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics in 1983
– Dhawan, Satish (1920-2002) : Successful launching of Rohini
– Raman, C. V. (1888-1970) : Awarded Nobel Prize in Physics in 1930
– Ramanna, Raja (1925-2005) : Associated with first nuclear explosion in Pokhran
– Ramanujan, Srinivas (1887-1920) : Theory of Numbers in Mathematics
– Saha, Meghnad (1893-1956) : Theory of Thermal Ionisation
– Sarabhai, Vikram (1919-1971) : Space Research
– Sethana, Homi Nuseerwanji (1923- 2010) : Engineering Science
– Khorana, Hargovind B. (1922-2011) : Shared the Nobel Prize for Medicine in 1968
Scientists (Present)
Venkatraman Ramakrishnan (b. 1952) : India-born American and British structural
– Biologist, shared Nobel Prize in Chemistry in 2009
– Menon, M. G. K. (b. 1928) : Physical Sciences
State–Largest in area : Rajasthan
– Smallest in area : Goa
– Most populated : Uttar Pradesh
– Least populated : Sikkim
– Most densely populated : Bihar
– Least densely populated : Arunachal Pradesh
– Most literate : Kerala
– Most literate (women) : Kerala
– Most women (sex-ratio) : Kerala
Statue–Tallest : Statue of Jain saint Gomateswara at Sravanabelagola near Mysore in Karnataka
Stupa–Largest : Great stupa at Sanchi (Madhya Pradesh)

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