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01 November, 2015

Lucknow – General Information, General Knowledge Lucknow GK

As per the legend, Lord Rama gifted the territory of Lucknow to his brother Lakshmana. In 1732 Mughals appointed Nawab Mohammad Amir Saadat Khan, also known as Burhan-ul-Mulk, as vice royal of Awadh, in which Lucknow was a major province and flourished in each and every aspect. From 1775, Lucknow is the capital of Oudh. In 1901, it was merged to United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. During 1920, Lucknow served as provincial seat of government, shifted from Allahabad. After Independence United Provinces were dissolved and Lucknow was made capital city of Uttar Pradesh.
Lucknow is situated on the Indus-Gangetic plain and on the banks of river Gomati. It is at an altitude of 123 m from the sea level and it is spread in 2528 sq kms, making it the second largest city in northern India. It has population of approximate 28 million.
Lucknow is the headquarters of the Central Command of the Indian Army, since 1st May 1963, afore which it was the headquarters of Eastern Command. The Commission of Railway Safety of India, head office is housed in Lucknow. Lucknow Urban Agglomeration (LUA) which includes Lucknow Municipal Corporation and Lucknow Cantonment is responsible for the civic administration in the city. The capital city contributes nine seats to state legislative assembly and contributes two seats to Lok Shaba.
Lucknow is multicultural and home of people speaking different languages. Many of the cultural traits and customs peculiar are followed even today in everyday activities and credit should go to Nawabs of Awadh. Awadhi, a dialect language has played a major role in history of Lucknow, is still used in some parts of Lucknow. Hindi is the official language and widely spoken followed by Urdu, English and Bhojpuri. Lucknow cuisine is known for its Biryanis, Kebabs and breads.
Lucknow houses seven Universities. Indian Institute of Information Technology, Institute of Engineering and Technology are famous colleges which deal in engineering studies. Sanjay Gandhi Post Graduate Institute of Medical Sciences and King George’s Medical University are famous colleges which deal medical sciences. They are other Universities which deal with other branch of studies. City Montessori School in the city holds a Guinness World Record for being the largest school in the world and has been awarded UNESCO Prize for Peace Education. La Martiniere Lucknow is the only school in the world to have been awarded a battle honour.
Chaudhary Charan Singh International Airport, in Lucknow is well connected globally by its national and international services and one of the busiest airports in India. Lucknow houses the head quarters of Northern Railway division. There are total fourteen railway stations in the city limits. Major stations are Lucknow Railway Station and Lucknow Junction railway station. Lucknow is the important Junction Link which connects all major cities in the country. National Highways 24, 24B, 25, 56 and 28 originates from this city. Lucknow is one of the most bicycle-friendly cities in India.
Lucknow still retains its old world charm of the Nawabs, preserving every aspect of the past. It has many historic places like Bara Imambara, Imambara Ghufran Ma’ab, La Martiniere Lucknow, Qaisar Bagh, Pekka Pul (Red bridge), Rumi Darwaza etc. Among the famous parks Kukrail Reserve Forest, Begum Hazrat Mahal Park and Gautam Buddha Park are most frequented. Chandrika Devi Temple and Lucknow Zoo are other favorite hangout places.
Lucknow Mahotsav is celebrated annually to exhibit the art and culture of Uttar Pradesh and to promote tourism in the state. Muharram is celebrated grandly in the city; even Hindus actively participate and celebrate the festival. Chup Tazia originated in the city and got spread, dating from the era of Nawabs. Apart from these all the major festivals in India are celebrated here.

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